Novel Localization of MS-related Depression May Allow Therapeutic Brain Stimulation

Researchers at Brigham and Women’s Hospital recently demonstrated that lesions causing depression in patients with stroke or penetrating head trauma were functionally connected to a common brain circuit.


Neurological Soft Signs in Adolescents Linked to Brain Structure Alterations

MRI images of child's brain on the computer monitor with MRI machine blurred in the background

Researchers at Brigham and Women’s Hospital are using neuroimaging to explore the structure–function relationship of neurological soft signs (NSS). They report that NSS in typically developing adolescents are associated with distinct alterations in brain structure that can be objectively quantified using neuroimaging.


Anxiety Among Perinatal Women During COVID-19 More Likely for Those Without Prior GAD

A pregnant woman in deep thought looking out a window, anxiety during COVID-19 concept

Researchers at Brigham and Women’s Hospital investigated whether pre-existing anxiety exacerbated COVID-19–related health concerns among women who entered perinatal status early in the pandemic. They found the opposite: levels of COVID-19–related worry were greater among women without a pre-existing anxiety diagnosis.


Sleep Discontinuity in Perimenopausal Women Linked to Female Reproductive Hormone Patterns

Woman in bed covering face, unable to sleep. Alarm clock on bed reads 3:41

The Brigham’s Jamie Coborn, PhD, Hadine Joffe, MD, and colleagues have published empirical evidence that changing hormone dynamics underlie awakenings in perimenopausal women, independent of vasomotor symptoms.


Cognitive Deficits Present Across Domains in Schizophrenia and Relate to Positive Symptoms

Young woman on couch, emotional, talking with female researcher or doctor who holds a clipboard

Johanna Seitz-Holland, PhD, Marek Kubicki, MD, PhD, of the Department of Psychiatry at the Brigham, and colleagues recently became the first to investigate cognitive deficits in schizophrenia in a large-scale, thoroughly harmonized sample.


Response to Electroconvulsive Therapy for Major Depressive Disorder May Be Mediated by IL-8, White Matter Alterations

Diffusion MRI of a human brain. Brain fibers are highlighted in blue, green, yellow and pink

Researchers at Brigham and Women’s Hospital have related acute neuroinflammatory response and changes in white matter structure after electroconvulsive therapy to each other and treatment outcomes.


Large-scale Collaborative Network Valuable for Research in Bipolar Disorder

Over the shoulder view of female psychiatrist writing on clipboard speaking with male patient

To examine the value of large-scale collaboration, researchers at Brigham and Women’s Hospital and colleagues worldwide recently determined core predictors of functional outcome in bipolar disorder, independent of treatment organization or societal differences.


Adults With TBI May Benefit From Screening for Cardiometabolic Disease, Other Comorbidities

Female doctor shows brain scan images to older male patient in hospital bed

An analysis of prospectively collected data has demonstrated that adults who sustain traumatic brain injury (TBI), regardless of age and injury severity, are at higher risk of certain cardiovascular, endocrine, neurologic, and psychiatric disorders.


Brigham Researchers Take a Closer Look at Lithium’s Effects on the Brain

Close up of a pile of pink lithium tablets with "223" imprinted on one side

Through brain imaging and laboratory research, Brigham investigators are examining how lithium affects the brain at the individual neuron and brain-circuit levels. Psychiatrist Amit Anand, MD, explains how it may increase the growth of certain areas of the brain and influence the organ functionally and structurally.


Sensitive Cognitive Outcomes Preclinical Alzheimer’s Disease Trials

3D rendering of Beta-amyloid found in Alzheimer's disease.

Kathryn V. Papp, PhD, and Reisa A. Sperling, MD, at Brigham and Women’s Hospital, and colleagues recently determined that very early Alzheimer’s disease is associated with a decline in existing measures of processing speed and memory retrieval.