Vitamin D Supplementation Does Not Influence Fracture Risk in the General Population

Hand holding a vitamin d supplement pill up to the sky, with bright sun

To address conflicting evidence, Meryl S. LeBoff, MD, JoAnn E. Manson, MD, PhD, MPH, and colleagues conducted an ancillary analysis of the Vitamin D and Omega-3 Trial (VITAL). They found vitamin D did not affect fracture risk in the general population.


Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass May Not Be As Safe As Sleeve Gastrectomy for Black and Latino/a/x Patients

Black male patient sitting in hospital bed speaking to female doctor

Caroline M. Apovian, MD, and team determined that the variability of weight loss and hemoglobin A1C across racial/ethnic groups was small after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) compared with sleeve gastrectomy (SG). However, safety concerns were greater for Black and Latino patients after RYGB than SG.


Can a Fatty Acid Supplement Improve Outcomes in People With Obesity and Prediabetes?

Yellow oil capsules spilling out of brown bottle onto table

Brigham researchers are looking at novel ways to boost natural mechanisms that the body uses to counteract the pathogenesis of obesity and its complications. An upcoming clinical trial led by Mehmet Furkan Burak, MD, explores the impact of dietary supplementation with palmitoleic acid in obese, prediabetic individuals.


Dapagliflozin Efficacious, Safe in Type 2 Diabetes Regardless of Pre-Treatment Systolic BP

Close up of blood pressure monitor screen reading 100 over 156

SGLT2 inhibitors like dapagliflozin reduce hospitalization for heart failure and progression of diabetic nephropathy in patients with type 2 diabetes, but decrease systolic and diastolic blood pressure only minimally. Brigham researchers investigated whether their efficacy might depend on pre-treatment blood pressure.


Adults With TBI May Benefit From Screening for Cardiometabolic Disease, Other Comorbidities

Female doctor shows brain scan images to older male patient in hospital bed

An analysis of prospectively collected data has demonstrated that adults who sustain traumatic brain injury (TBI), regardless of age and injury severity, are at higher risk of certain cardiovascular, endocrine, neurologic, and psychiatric disorders.


Rates of Spinal Symptoms and Spinal Surgery Are Lower After Bariatric Surgery

Doctor holds up x-ray of spine to show older patient

A study showed patients with a history of bariatric surgery had lower overall complication rates after spinal surgery than morbidly obese patients who did not have bariatric surgery. Now researchers report significant reductions in symptomatic spinal disorders and the need for spinal surgery after bariatric surgery.


Menopausal Hormone Therapy Linked to Increased Risk of Pituitary Adenoma

Woman sitting down holding a pack of menopausal hormone therapy pills

David J. Cote, MD, PhD, and Meir J. Stampfer, MD, DrPH, of the Channing Division of Network Medicine at Brigham and Women’s Hospital, and colleagues have conducted the first prospective study of associations between pituitary adenoma and the use of oral contraceptives or menopausal hormone therapy.


Novel POSE Techniques Developed at the Brigham Are Safe and Effective

Close up of doctor holding endoscopic examination tool before surgery

In 2018, Pichamol Jirapinyo, MD, MPH, and Christopher C. Thompson, MD, developed a modified technique they call distal POSE—which involves placing plications primarily in the gastric body, sparing the fundus. They have published a one-year study, concluding distal POSE appears safe and effective for treating obesity.


The Prevention Sweet Spot: Optimizing Treatment for Type 2 Diabetes

A group of colleagues standing together at a conference

Vanita Aroda, MD, associate physician in the Division of Endocrinology, Diabetes and Hypertension, has served as a clinical researcher and clinical trialist for countless studies focused on preventing and treating type 2 diabetes. She discusses her involvement in the SELECT, PIONEER 1, REVITALIZE 1, and other trials.


Plication Transoral Outlet Reduction Safely Treats Weight Regain After Gastric Bypass

Close up measuring waist with measuring tape

Endoscopists at Brigham and Women’s Hospital have conducted the first study in which plication endoscopic transoral gastric outlet reduction was combined with argon plasma coagulation to treat weight gain after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass.