Shoulder instability is a relatively common concern in athletes, especially among those who play contact sports such as football, basketball and rugby. This condition has a number of treatment options, including physical therapy and various surgical procedures, but much remains unclear about how to determine the best course for each patient.
A unique collaboration at Brigham and Women’s Hospital is helping patients with scoliosis and other complex spinal problems reclaim their quality of life. The Adult Spinal Deformity and Scoliosis Program, led by co-directors Hasan A. Zaidi, MD, Melvin C. Makhni, MD, MBA, and Yi Lu, MD, PhD, is one of the very few in the country to bring together specialists in neurosurgery and orthopaedic surgery to treat patients through the entire continuum of care.
Affecting more than half of adults in the United States, low back pain, osteoarthritis and musculoskeletal trauma are the three most common musculoskeletal conditions leading to emergency department and physician visits and hospital stays. Nearly $800 billion, or about 5 percent of the U.S. economy, goes towards diagnosing, treating and managing musculoskeletal conditions.
The Department of Orthopaedic Surgery at Brigham and Women’s Hospital is using an innovative digital care platform to manage patients undergoing total hip and knee replacement surgery. Used by several surgeons, including Jeffrey K. Lange, MD, the digital tool enhances clinicians’ ability to deliver comprehensive care around the time of joint replacement surgery by educating, monitoring, and communicating with patients from scheduling to recovery.
Ronald L. Neppl, PhD, a molecular biologist in the Department of Orthopedic Surgery at Brigham and Women’s Hospital, studies the molecular mechanisms that regulate the balance between anabolic and catabolic processes, and how imbalances in these physiological processes may lead to muscle atrophy.
For years, the American College of Surgeons has recommended that elderly patients undergo a geriatric assessment prior to total joint replacement, but many orthopaedic departments in the United States have been slow to adopt the practice.